- Espresso (Simply a Caffe' in Italy): Small amount (1
to 1.5 oz) of dark, rich coffee. Traditionally served in a 3 oz or smaller,
pre-warmed demitasse cup. NOTE: Lemon peels, while commonly served with
Espresso in America, are not a typical accompaniment in Italy. Espresso
with a lemon peel on the side is sometimes called Espresso Romano.
- Doppio: Double Espresso (twice the amount of coffee and twice
the amount of water. Basically, two shots of espresso in one cup).
- Ristretto (Literally, Shrunk or Short): More concentrated
espresso - made using the same amount of coffee but less water, as little
as 0.5 oz per serving, by shortening extraction time.
- Lungo (Long): An Espresso made with more water than usual by prolonging the extraction of a regular espresso
(sometimes incorrectly called an Americano).
- Caffe' Americano: Similar to Lungo, hot water is added
to a regular size espresso to obtain a full-flavored coffee.
- Macchiato: Espresso "stained" with a dollop
of steamed milk on top.
- Corretto: Espresso "corrected" with a touch
of grappa, cognac, sambuca, or other spirit.
- Con panna: Like "macchiato", but whipped cream
substitutes steamed milk.
- Caffe' freddo: (Iced Espresso): Chilled, sweetened espresso
served in a tall glass, possibly on ice.
- Caffe' Latte (AKA Latte', Caffelatte): Espresso mixed with steamed milk;
usually a breakfast drink - Typically made with more milk than a cappuccino,
with little or no froth on top. In Italy, the coffee in a caffe' latte
is made out of a stovetop machine, rather than an espresso machine, and
is not normally served into bars or restaurants.
- Latte macchiato (Stained milk): Steamed milk "stained"
with a shot of espresso coffee, served in a tall glass rather than a cup.
- Cappuccino: Espresso with foamed milk - 1 part espresso, 1 part
steamed milk, 1 part froth.
- Cappuccino scuro (AKA Dry or Dark cappuccino):
Cappuccino prepared with less milk than usual.
- Cappuccino chiaro (AKA Wet or Light cappuccino):
Cappuccino prepared with more milk than usual.
- Cappuccino freddo (Iced Cappuccino): Cappuccino
served over ice
- "Skinny": (as in Skinny Cappuccino or Latte):
An espresso-based drink made with skim or nonfat milk.
- "Tall": (AKA Double or Grande): A larger
portion (not necessarily twice the size), as in Tall latte.